09 August 2010, Monday

"Extra-judicial political killings were state policy"

Retired lieutenant general Atilla Kiyat said that the Extra-judicial political killings were a state policy between 1993-1997.

Retired lieutenant general Atilla Kiyat participated at the TV Channel Haberturk's "No censorship" program and made important confessions regarding the extra-judicial political killings in Southern and Eastern Anatolian regions.  According to Kiyat, between 1993 and 1997 extra-judicial political killings were state policy and most killings were done by the llieutenants based on the orders from higher-ranking officials.  Kiyat also mentioned that the President, Prime Minister, and the Chief of the General Stuff of the era should be held accountable to the public.

Kiyat continued: "The result of the state policy between 1990 and 2000 has been the rise of a generation in the region that is full of hatred to their own country. There have been so many illegal actions. Today there are some people being charged with these political killings as a part of the Ergenekon trials. These people at the time were lieutenants and now they blame them saying 'you killed the village headman in Cizre'. Now I am asking, the President, Prime Minister, and the Chief of the General Stuff of 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996,1997; how can you sleep peacefully in your bed at nights? Please say openly whether extra-judicial political killings were state policy or not. Why can't they say 'no, they weren't state policy', because, I believe, they were simply state policy. Unfortunately, people that were running the country those days used extra-judicial political killings as a way to combat terrorism. There is no way a lieutenant himself would think 'let me kill Hasan and Mehmet, and put an end to terrorism'. Somebody gave those orders".

During the years mentioned by Kiyat (1993-1997), Turgut Özal and Süleyman Demirel were presidents; Süleyman Demirel, Tansu Çiller, Mesut Yılmaz, and Necmettin Erbakan were prime ministers; and Doğan Güreş and İsmail Hakkı Karadayı were the Chief of the General Stuff .


Extra-judicial political killings have been on the agenda of the country for a long time. Many organizations worked to start an investigation for these types of killings. In the past months, a bill was taken to the parliament to start an investigation. On the other hand, these types of bills, or "investigative commissions" in the parliament are not novel actions. After the assassination of famous journalists and writers such as Ugur Mumcu, Bahriye Ucok, and Turan Dursun, there have been similar "investigative commissions" in the parliament. However, none of these commissions reached to a tangible action, and most of the reports prepared by these commissions were ignored and put away to the archives.

The first Investigative Commission for the Extra-judicial Political Killings was established in the parliament 17 years ago, and the report prepared by the commission in 1995 was sent to the archives. The commission was headed by a DYP MP, Sadık Avundukluoğlu and had 12 members. The commission worked for about 2,5 years and produced a 200 paged report.

During the investigation, most courts, public employees, and members of the military refrained from providing information to the commission. Despite problems, there were crucial information in the report, but it was sent to the archives before it even could make it to the General Assembly of the Parliament for discussion.


According to the studies of Human Rights Association (IHD), and Human Rights Foundation of Turkey (IHV), between 1990 and 2008, 5800 people lost their lives as a result of extra-judicial political killings.

Turkey first encountered an extra-judicial political killing in 1948 when famous writer Sabahattin Ali was killed. The number reached to 17 thousand in the following years.

Labour World